Personalized education: Analog of personalized medicine?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This chapter discusses the role of genetically influenced normal-range intelligence in educational achievement and attainment. I suggest that there is evidence that we have developed an educational system that reinforces genetic disadvantage contributing to low educational achievement and genetic advantage contributing to high educational achievement through the presence of gene-environment correlation. Though no one would want to stifle high achievement in the most capable students, we need to work to foster achievement in the least capable. This likely means working towards educational programs that more clearly recognize individual differences in ability. This is fraught with political and practical difficulties in implementation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychology & Behavioral Science
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sep 2017


  • education
  • genetic influences
  • intelligence
  • reading


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