Perturbed proteostasis in autism spectrum disorders

Susana R. Louros, Emily K. Osterweil

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Dynamic changes in synaptic strength rely on de novo protein synthesis and protein degradation by the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS). Disruption of either of these cellular processes will result in significant impairments in synaptic plasticity and memory formation. Mutations in several genes encoding regulators of mRNA translation and members of the UPS have been associated with an increased risk for the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It is possible that these mutations result in a similar imbalance in protein homeostasis (proteostasis) at the synapse. This review will summarize recent work investigating the role of the UPS in synaptic plasticity at glutamatergic synapses, and propose that dysfunctional proteostasis is a common consequence of several genetic mutations linked to ASD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Early online date1 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jul 2016

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