Peter Martyr Vermigli on grace and free choice: Thomist and Augustinian perspectives

Jordan J. Ballor, Simon J. G. Burton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Within contemporary scholarship there has been considerable debate over the character and scope of Peter Martyr Vermigli’s scholasticism, which has sought to locate his thought between the two poles of the ‘via Thomae’ and the ‘via Gregorii.’ This paper traces the Augustinian-Thomist polarity throughout Vermigli’s doctrine of grace and free choice. In particular it seeks to discover Gregorian distinctives in his thought, namely, doctrinal points shared by Vermigli and Rimini, representing a development of Augustine and a departure from Aquinas. Without denying the important Thomist and Aristotelian elements of his thought, this paper concludes that renewed attention now needs to be paid to his profound debt to late-medieval Augustinian scholasticism and its global impact on his theology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-52
JournalReformation and Renaissance Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2015


  • Peter Martyr Vermigli
  • Thomas Aquinas
  • Gregory of Rimini
  • grace
  • free choice
  • ‘auxilium speciale Dei’

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