PURPOSE: 12b80 combines doxorubicin bound to a bone targeting hydroxybisphosphonate vector using a pH-sensitive linker, designed to specifically trigger doxorubicin release in an acidic bone tumor microenvironment. This phase I study aimed to determine the safety and toxicity profiles of 12b80 in dogs with naturally occurring osteosarcoma, with the objective to translate findings from dogs to humans.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten client-owned dogs with osteosarcoma were enrolled in an accelerated dose-titration design followed by 3 + 3 design. Dogs received three cycles of 12b80 intravenous injection at 4 mg/kg (n = 1), 6 mg/kg (n = 2), 8 mg/kg (n = 3), and 10 mg/kg (n = 4). Endpoints included safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).
RESULTS: The MTD of 12b80 was 8 mg/kg (i.e., equivalent dose of doxorubicin of 110 mg/m2, range: 93-126). Most adverse events included grade ≤ 2 gastrointestinal disorders and hypersensitivity reactions. No hematological or cardiac DLT were observed at any dose tested.
CONCLUSIONS: In dogs, 12b80 is overall well tolerated and expends the MTD of doxorubicin up to four times the standard dose of 30 mg/m2. These results demonstrate the potential therapeutic benefit of 12b80 in canine and human osteosarcoma.
- bone targeting