Phase relations in the system Fe-Ni-Si to 200 GPa and 3900 K and implications for Earth’s core

Tetsuya Komabayashi, Giacomo Pesce, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Takaaki Kawazoe, Helene Breton, Yuta Shimoyama, Konstantin Glazyrin, Zuzana Konôpková, Mohamed Mezouar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phase relations in Fe–5 wt%Ni–4 wt%Si alloy was examined in an internally resistive heated diamond anvil cell under high pressure (P) and temperature (T) conditions to about 200 GPa and 3900 K by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure was observed to the highest P–T condition, supporting the idea that the stable iron alloy structure in Earth's inner core is hcp. The P–T locations of the phase transition between the face-centred cubic (fcc) and hcp structures were also constrained to 106 GPa. The transition occurs at 15 GPa and 1000 K similar to for pure Fe. The Clausius–Clapeyron slope is however, 0.0480 GPa/K which is larger than reported slopes for Fe (0.0394 GPa/K), Fe–9.7 wt%Ni (0.0426 GPa/K), and Fe–4 wt%Si (0.0394 GPa/K), stabilising the fcc structure towards high pressure. Thus the simultaneous addition of Ni and Si to Fe increases the dP/dT slope of the fcc–hcp transition. This is associated with a small volume change upon transition in Fe–Ni–Si. The triple point, where the fcc, hcp, and liquid phases coexist in Fe–5 wt%Ni–4 wt%Si is placed at 145 GPa and 3750 K. The resulting melting temperature of the hcp phase at the inner core-outer core boundary lies at 550 K lower than in pure Fe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-88
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume512
Early online date15 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2019

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