Phenome-wide analysis identifies parent-of-origin effects on the human methylome associated with changes in the rate of aging

Chenhao Gao, Carmen Amador, Rosie M Walker, Archie Campbell, Rebecca A Madden, Mark J Adams, Xiaomeng Bai, Ying Liu, Miaoxin Li, Caroline Hayward, David J Porteous, Xueyi Shen, Kathryn L Evans, Chris S Haley, Andrew M McIntosh, Pau Navarro, Yanni Zeng

Research output: Working paperPreprint

Abstract / Description of output

Variation in the rate at which humans age may be rooted in early life events acting through genomic regions that are influenced by such events and subsequently are related to health phenotypes in later life. The parent-of-origin-effect (POE)-regulated methylome includes regions either enriched for genetically controlled imprinting effects (the typical type of POE) or atypical POE introduced by environmental effects associated with parents. This part of the methylome is heavily influenced by early life events, making it a potential route connecting early environmental exposures, the epigenome and the rate of aging. Here, we aim to test the association of POE-influenced methylation of CpG dinucleotides (POE-CpG sites) with early and later environmental exposures and subsequently with health-related phenotypes and adult aging phenotypes. We do this by performing phenome-wide association analyses of the POE-influenced methylome using a large family-based population cohort (GS:SFHS, N discovery =5,087, N replication =4,450). At the single CpG level, 92 associations of POE-CpGs with phenotypic variation were identified and replicated. Most of the associations were contributed by POE-CpGs belonging to the atypical class and the most strongly enriched associations were with aging (DNAmTL acceleration), intelligence and parental (maternal) smoking exposure phenotypes. We further found that a proportion of the atypical-POE-CpGs formed co-methylation networks (modules) which are associated with these phenotypes, with one of the aging-associated modules displaying increased internal module connectivity (strength of methylation correlation across constituent CpGs) with age. Atypical POE-CpGs also displayed high levels of methylation heterogeneity and epigenetic drift (i.e. information loss with age) and a strong correlation with CpGs contained within epigenetic clocks. These results identified associations between the atypical-POE-influenced methylome and aging and provided new evidence for the "early development of origin" hypothesis for aging in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Phenome-wide analysis identifies parent-of-origin effects on the human methylome associated with changes in the rate of aging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this