Phenomic and genomic prediction of yield on multiple locations in winter wheat

Robert Jackson, Jaap B Buntjer, Alison R Bentley, Jacob Lage, Ed Byrne, Chris Burt, Peter Jack, Simon Berry, Edward Flatman, Bruno Poupard, Stephen Smith, Charlotte Hayes, Tobias Barber, Bethany Love, R Chris Gaynor, Gregor Gorjanc, Phil Howell, Ian J Mackay, John M Hickey, Eric S Ober

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Genomic selection has recently become an established part of breeding strategies in cereals. However, a limitation of linear genomic prediction models for complex traits such as yield is that these are unable to accommodate Genotype by Environment effects, which are commonly observed over trials on multiple locations. In this study, we investigated how this environmental variation can be captured by the collection of a large number of phenomic markers using high-throughput field phenotyping and whether it can increase GS prediction accuracy. For this purpose, 44 winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) elite populations, comprising 2,994 lines, were grown on two sites over 2 years, to approximate the size of trials in a practical breeding programme. At various growth stages, remote sensing data from multi- and hyperspectral cameras, as well as traditional ground-based visual crop assessment scores, were collected with approximately 100 different data variables collected per plot. The predictive power for grain yield was tested for the various data types, with or without genome-wide marker data sets. Models using phenomic traits alone had a greater predictive value (R2 = 0.39-0.47) than genomic data (approximately R2 = 0.1). The average improvement in predictive power by combining trait and marker data was 6%-12% over the best phenomic-only model, and performed best when data from one full location was used to predict the yield on an entire second location. The results suggest that genetic gain in breeding programmes can be increased by utilisation of large numbers of phenotypic variables using remote sensing in field trials, although at what stage of the breeding cycle phenomic selection could be most profitably applied remains to be answered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1164935
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume14
Early online date9 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 May 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • GxE
  • genomic selection
  • hyperspectral
  • phenomics
  • remote sensing
  • wheat
  • yield

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