Resistance traditions are distinguished by a concern with radical social change for the purpose of universal human liberation. That concern includes arguments for justified methods of social action to reate change, accounts of why humanity should change, evaluations of the conditions of misery, and depictions of unjust disparities. There are other philosophic traditions in African American history, for example, traditions of philosophical theology and analytic philosophy. We believe, however, that resistance traditions are especially theoretically rewarding and the source of engaging arguments. When resistance traditions take account of the spe-cific conditions of the historically subjected, African Americans and Black people in general, the arguments are especially enlightening ways of seeing what remains invisible throughout history. The formulation(s) of theory, in ways that point towards strategies of liberation, have always been the con-cern of the oppressed. There is a tendency within disciplines to elide, or altogether ignore, the historical salience of oppression for idealizations of representation. Resistance, this rich concept of incongruity, offers a wealth of ideas and relations yet to be explored. Our world is fraught with various stratifications and inequity. The Black philosopher views this world from the horizon between modernity and an imposed savagery.