Phonological neighborhood density modulates errors in spoken word recognition

Mona Roxana Botezatu, Jon Frederick Landrigan, Qi Chen, Daniel Mirman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The present study examined how differences in onset (cohort) and offset (rhyme) neighborhood density influence the types of spoken word recognition errors made by listeners. Simulations of the TRACE model were used to derive preliminary predictions. Younger (N=15) and older (N=15) adults identified spoken words presented in moderate noise. Participants exhibited the standard inhibitory effect of phonological neighborhood density: slower recognition of spoken words from denser neighborhoods, with a larger effect for older adults. Most errors were phonological neighbors with few unrelated errors. However, the manipulation of cohort and rhyme density produced an unexpected reversal: the relative proportion of cohort vs. rhyme errors was biased toward cohorts when cohort density was low or when rhyme density was high, and toward rhymes when cohort density was high or rhyme density was low. These results are not consistent with the TRACE simulations and suggest a more complex pattern of lexical competition.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsD. C. Noelle, R. Dale, A.S. Warlaumont, J. Yoshimi, T. Matlock, C.D. Jennings, P.P. Maglio
Place of PublicationAustin, TX
PublisherCognitive Science Society
ISBN (Print)9780991196722
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society - Pasadena, California, United States
Duration: 22 Jul 201525 Jul 2015
https://mindmodeling.org/cogsci2015/

Conference

Conference37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
Abbreviated titleCogSci2015
CountryUnited States
CityPasadena, California
Period22/07/1525/07/15
Internet address

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