Syndapin I (PACSIN 1) is a synaptically enriched membrane tubulating protein that plays important roles in activity-dependent bulk endocytosis and neuronal morphogenesis. While syndapin I is an in vitro phosphoprotein, it is not known to be phosphorylated in neurons. Here, we report the identification of two phosphorylation sites, S76 and T181, of syndapin I from nerve terminals. Both residues are located at the N-terminal helix-capping motifs (N-Cap) of different a-helices in the F-BAR domain, important for F-BAR homodimer curvature and dimer-dimer filament assembly, respectively. Phospho-mimetic mutations of these residues regulate lipid-binding and tubulation both in vitro and in cells. Neither phosphosite regulated syndapin I function in activity-dependent bulk endocytosis. Rather, T181 phosphorylation was developmentally regulated and inhibited syndapin I function in neuronal morphogenesis. This suggests a novel mechanism for phosphorylation control of an F-BAR function through the regulation of a-helix interactions and stability within the folded F-BAR domain.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Mar 2012|
- SYNAPTIC VESICLE ENDOCYTOSIS
- ACTIN CYTOSKELETON