Phosphorylation-related modification at the dimer interface of 14-3-3ω dramatically alters monomer interaction dynamics

Fiona C Denison, Tufan Gökirmak, Robert J Ferl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

14-3-3 proteins are generally believed to function as dimers in a broad range of eukaryotic signaling pathways. The consequences of altering dimer stability are not fully understood. Phosphorylation at Ser58 in the dimer interface of mammalian 14-3-3 isoforms has been reported to destabilise dimers. An equivalent residue, Ser62, is present across most Arabidopsis isoforms but the effects of phosphorylation have not been studied in plants. Here, we assessed the effects of phosphorylation at the dimer interface of Arabidopsis 14-3-3ω. Protein kinase A phosphorylated 14-3-3ω at Ser62 and also at a previously unreported residue, Ser67, resulting in a monomer-sized band on native-PAGE. Phosphorylation at Ser62 alone, or with additional Ser67 phosphorylation, was investigated using phosphomimetic versions of 14-3-3ω. In electrophoretic and chromatographic analyses, these mutants showed mobilities intermediate between dimers and monomers. Mobility was increased by detergents, by reducing protein concentration, or by increasing pH or temperature. Urea gradient gels showed complex structural transitions associated with alterations of dimer stability, including a previously unreported 14-3-3 aggregation phenomenon. Overall, our analyses showed that dimer interface modifications such as phosphorylation reduce dimer stability, dramatically affecting the monomer-dimer equilibrium and denaturation trajectory. These findings may have dramatic implications for 14-3-3 structure and function in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of biochemistry and biophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Detergents
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Multimerization
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Serine
  • Temperature
  • Urea
  • Dimerisation
  • Monomer
  • Phosphomimetic mutation
  • Dynamic equilibrium


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