Photocatalytic Degradation of Bisphenol A Induced by Dense Nanocavities Inside Aligned 2D-TiO2 Nanostructures

Snejana Bakardjieva, Radek Fajgar, Ivo Jakubec, Eva Koci, Alexander Zhigunov, Efthalia Chatzisymeon, Konstantina Davididou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The preparation of materials with aligned porosity in the nanometer range is of technological importance for a wide range of applications in molecular filtration, biomaterials and catalysis. Herein we present the advantages offered by cryo – lyophilisation technique as a smart and green non-standard concept to produce dense regular polyhedral nanocavities inside the 2D TiO2 nanosheets. Hierarchical morphologies of nanocavities start to appear at temperature higher than 800 °C and are strongly influenced by polymorph TiO2 evolution competing reactions. The small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis confirms self-assembled 3D nanocavities with size range from 5 to 10 nm in both length and width, and depth ˜3.6 nm formed after realising of the confined ice-water. It was found that nanocavities enhance significantly the absorption properties of TiO2 in the UV region, thereby providing a new approach to increase the photoreactivity of 2D TiO2 nanosheets. The annealed precursors containing aqueous solution of peroxo polytitanic acid (PPTA) at 800 °C exhibited the highest photoactivity in degrading bisphenol A (BPA) due to evenly distributed nanocavities inside single anatase TiO2 nanocrystals interconnected and aligned onto the 2D TiO2 nanosheet arrays.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCatalysis today
Early online date19 Dec 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Dec 2018


  • freeze-drying
  • Anatase TiO2
  • nanoconfined water
  • nanocavities
  • Photocatalysis
  • emerging pollutants


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