Physiological normoxia and absence of EGF is required for the long-term propagation of anterior neural precursors from human pluripotent cells

Bilada Bilican, Matthew R Livesey, Ghazal Haghi, Jing Qiu, Karen Burr, Rick Siller, Giles E Hardingham, David J A Wyllie, Siddharthan Chandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Widespread use of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) to study neuronal physiology and function is hindered by the ongoing need for specialist expertise in converting hPSCs to neural precursor cells (NPCs). Here, we describe a new methodology to generate cryo-preservable hPSC-derived NPCs that retain an anterior identity and are propagatable long-term prior to terminal differentiation, thus abrogating regular de novo neuralization. Key to achieving passagable NPCs without loss of identity is the combination of both absence of EGF and propagation in physiological levels (3%) of O2. NPCs generated in this way display a stable long-term anterior forebrain identity and importantly retain developmental competence to patterning signals. Moreover, compared to NPCs maintained at ambient O2 (21%), they exhibit enhanced uniformity and speed of functional maturation, yielding both deep and upper layer cortical excitatory neurons. These neurons display multiple attributes including the capability to form functional synapses and undergo activity-dependent gene regulation. The platform described achieves long-term maintenance of anterior neural precursors that can give rise to forebrain neurones in abundance, enabling standardised functional studies of neural stem cell maintenance, lineage choice and neuronal functional maturation for neurodevelopmental research and disease-modelling.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere85932
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Physiological normoxia and absence of EGF is required for the long-term propagation of anterior neural precursors from human pluripotent cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this