Pioneer transcription factors target partial DNA motifs on nucleosomes to initiate reprogramming

Abdenour Soufi, Meilin Fernandez Garcia, Artur Jaroszewicz, Nebiyu Osman, Matteo Pellegrini, Kenneth S. Zaret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pioneer transcription factors (TFs) access silent chromatin and initiate cell-fate changes, using diverse types of DNA binding domains (DBDs). FoxA, the paradigm pioneer TF, has a winged helix DBD that resembles linker histone and thereby binds its target sites on nucleosomes and in compacted chromatin. Herein, we compare the nucleosome and chromatin targeting activities of Oct4 (POU DBD), Sox2 (HMG box DBD), Klf4 (zinc finger DBD), and c-Myc (bHLH DBD), which together reprogram somatic cells to pluripotency. Purified Oct4, Sox2, and Klf4 proteins can bind nucleosomes in vitro, and in vivo they preferentially target silent sites enriched for nucleosomes. Pioneer activity relates simply to the ability of a given DBD to target partial motifs displayed on the nucleosome surface. Such partial motif recognition can occur by coordinate binding between factors. Our findings provide insight into how pioneer factors can target naive chromatin sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-568
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume161
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2015

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