Plain packaging increases visual attention to health warnings on cigarette packs in non-smokers and weekly smokers but not daily smokers

Marcus Munafo, Nicole Roberts, Linda Bauld, Ute Leonards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To assess the impact of plain packaging on visual attention towards health warning information on cigarette packs. Design: Mixed-model experimental design, comprising smoking status as a between-subjects factor, and package type (branded versus plain) as a within-subjects factor. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: Convenience sample of young adults, comprising non-smokers (n = 15), weekly smokers (n = 14) and daily smokers (n = 14). Measurements: Number of saccades (eye movements) towards health warnings on cigarette packs, to directly index visual attention. Findings: Analysis of variance indicated more eye movements (i.e. greater visual attention) towards health warnings compared to brand information on plain packs versus branded packs. This effect was observed among non-smokers and weekly smokers, but not daily smokers. Conclusion: Among non-smokers and non-daily cigarette smokers, plain packaging appears to increase visual attention towards health warning information and away from brand information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1505-1510
Number of pages6
JournalAddiction
Volume106
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Eye tracking; health warnings; plain packaging; tobacco; visual attention

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