Background Endothelin 1 (ET-1) contributes to chronic kidney disease (CKD) development and progression, and endothelin receptor antagonists are being investigated as a novel therapy for CKD. The proET-1 peptides, endothelin-like domain peptide (ELDP) and C-terminal pro-ET-1 (CT-proET-1), are both potential biomarkers of CKD and response to therapy with endothelin antagonists.
Methods and Results We assessed plasma and urine ELDP and plasma CT-proET-1 in CKD patients with minimal comorbidity. Next, in a randomized double-blind crossover study of 27 subjects with proteinuric CKD, we examined the effects of 6 weeks of treatment with placebo, sitaxentan (endothelin A antagonist), and nifedipine on these peptides alongside the primary end points of proteinuria, blood pressure, and arterial stiffness. Plasma ELDP and CT-proET-1 increased with CKD stage (both P---0.0001), correlating inversely with estimated glomerular filtration rate (both P
Conclusions ELDP and CT-proET-1 increase in CKD and thus are potentially useful biomarkers of renal injury. Increases in response to endothelin A antagonism may reflect EDN1 upregulation, which may partly explain fluid retention with these agents.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2015|
- fluid retention
- METABOLIC SYNDROME