Poincare plots as a measure of heart rate variability in healthy dogs

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Abstract

Introduction Poincaré plots remain largely unused for heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in dogs. The aims of this study were to describe, qualitatively and quantitatively, Poincaré plots in healthy dogs, to compare them with other methods of HRV analysis, to assess their day-to-day variability and to investigate the effect of activity on the plots.
Animals Twenty-five healthy dogs.
Methods Poincaré plots, their standard descriptors and other measures of HRV were generated from 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings and 6-hours of rest and activity.
Results The 24-hour Poincaré plot demonstrated a “Y” pattern. The arms of the “Y” were derived mostly from periods of rest and activity populated the stalk. The quantitative descriptors of the plot had strong correlations in the time-domain, with weaker correlations in the frequency-domain. Individuals showed low day-to-day variability of the plot pattern and of the standard deviation of points along the major axis of the plot (SD2), which measures overall HRV. Day-to-day variability was higher for the standard deviation of points perpendicular to the major axis of the plot (SD1), which is a measure of short-term HRV, and for the SD1/SD2 ratio.
Conclusions Twenty-four-hour Poincaré plots in healthy dogs show a “Y” pattern with subtle variations unique to the individual. The amount of activity and rest within the recording has a significant effect on the plot. Quantitative analysis of the plot can be used as a surrogate for time-domain analysis of HRV but visual analysis of the pattern provides additional information
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-32
JournalJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number1
Early online date23 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Canine, autonomic, sinus arrhythmia, Holter monitor, Lorenz plot

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