Political analysis of the adoption of the Zero-Budget Natural Farming program in Andhra Pradesh, India

Divya Veluguri, Jesse B. Bump, Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Sailesh Mohan, Karthik Teja Pulugurtha, Lindsay Jaacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Input-driven agriculture has led to an epidemic of impoverishment, farmer suicides, and environmental degradation in India, but has also shown consistent staying power in Indian politics. We examine a case of organic farming policy adoption to explore this paradox. Specifically, our objective was to evaluate how the state-wide Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) program in Andhra Pradesh, India came to be. Evidence was drawn from government documents; field notes from a ZBNF workshop and farmer interactions; and in-depth interviews with stakeholders. Results suggest that advocacy of civil society networks, champions within the bureaucracy, emphasis on rural livelihoods, and the 15-year history of consensus building around agroecology all played a key role in the adoption of the ZBNF program in this state. Given the possibility of scaling up ZBNF at the national level, our analysis of the enabling environment is especially timely.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAgroecology and Sustainable Food Systems
Early online date24 Mar 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Mar 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Sustainable agriculture
  • agroecology
  • organic
  • rural development
  • sustainable development
  • political economy


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