Polymorphisms in eggshell organic matrix genes are associated with eggshell quality measurements in pedigree Rhode Island Red hens

I. C. Dunn, N. T. Joseph, M. Bain, A. Edmond, P. W. Wilson, P. Milona, Y. Nys, J. Gautron, M. Schmutz, R. Preisinger, D. Waddington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Novel and traditional eggshell quality measurements were made from up to 2000 commercial pedigree hens for a candidate gene association analysis with organic eggshell matrix genes: ovocleidin-116, osteopontin (SPP1), ovocalyxin-32 (RARRES1), ovotransferrin (LTF), ovalbumin and ovocalyxin-36, as well as key genes in the maintenance and function of the shell gland [estrogen receptor (ESR1) and carbonic anhydrase II (CAII)]. Associations were found for (i) ovalbumin with breaking strength and shell thickness; (ii) ovocleidin-116 with elastic modulus, shell thickness and egg shape; (iii) RARRES1 with mammillary layer thickness; (iv) ESR1 with dynamic stiffness; (v) SPP1 with fracture toughness and (vi) CAII with egg shape. The marker effects are as large as 17% of trait standard deviations and could be used to improve eggshell quality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-114
Number of pages5
JournalAnimal Genetics
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Egg Proteins
  • Egg Shell
  • EGGS
  • Female
  • POLYMORPHISM

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