Polyploid cells in the mouse ovary

Margaret A Keighren, Leah P Macfadyen, Alan S Hill, Charles E Patek, Evelyn E Telfer, John D West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Cell ploidy in the ovarian follicle and corpus luteum was investigated by DNA in situ hybridization to a reiterated, chromosome 3 transgene in mice that were hemizygous for the transgene. This approach was first validated by analysis of mouse kidney, pancreas and liver control tissues, which contain different frequencies of polyploid nuclei. Polyploid nuclei (with multiple hybridization signals) were seen in histological sections of both ovarian follicles and corpora lutea. The frequency of polyploid nuclei in follicles showed no consistent relationship with age (between 6 weeks and 10 months) but polyploid nuclei were significantly more abundant in corpora lutea than follicles (6.3% vs. 2.5%). This implies that production of polyploid cells is more closely associated with differentiation of ovarian follicles into corpora lutea than with the age of the female. Polyploidy tended to be more frequent in corpora lutea of mice that had mated even if they did not become pregnant. This study has highlighted the presence of polyploid cells in the mouse ovarian follicle and corpus luteum and has identified mating as a possible trigger for polyploidy in the corpus luteum. Further work is required to determine the physiological role of polyploid ovarian cells in reproduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-71
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anatomy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3
  • Copulation
  • Corpus Luteum
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Ovarian Follicle
  • Ovary
  • Polyploidy
  • Pregnancy


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