Continuing from their joint work in the 1980s, Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe both started developing a new theory of populism in the early 2000s. This paper defines it as a double ontology of politics, which includes both enmity — the dissociative dimension of the political-and deliberation — the associative dimension. In order to distinguish their approach from right-wing populism, Laclau and Mouffe resort to uncompromising anti-essentialism which casts history out of the construction of the political subject. Doing so, they assimilate consistent anti-colonial and anti-racist movements to conservatism and reaction. These confusions originate in insufficient problematization of the racial question and anti-racism activism, that the authors often invoke but never analyze properly. These shortcomings require a reformulation of left-wing populism of which the question of pluralism could provide the starting point.
|Translated title of the contribution||Left-Wing populism and Black consciousness: Race, history, and pluralism after Laclau and Mouffe|
|Early online date||9 Jun 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|