Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) vaccination is effective in reducing disease and PCV2 shedding in semen of boars concurrently infected with PCV2 and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

T. Opriessnig, D.M. Madson, S. Schalk, H.G. Shen, R.B. Baker, P.G. Halbur, S. Brockmeier, E.L. Zanella, N.M. Beach, X.J. Meng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objectives were to determine whether the amount of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) shed in semen increased in boars experimentally coinfected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (MHYO), and whether PCV2 vaccination of boars prior to PCV2 exposure reduced PCV2 viremia and virus shedding in semen. Twelve specific-pathogen-free PCV2- and MHYO-naïve boars were randomly and equally assigned to one of four groups. Six boars were vaccinated against PCV2 (VAC) on Day 0; three PCV2 vaccinated and three non-vaccinated boars were inoculated with MHYO on Day 21, and all boars were challenged with PCV2 on Day 35. The four treatment groups included PCV2-Infected (I), VAC-PCV2-I, MHYO-PCV2-Coinfected (CoI), and VAC-MHYO-PCV2-CoI. Semen, blood swabs, feces, and serum samples were collected weekly until Day 70. All vaccinated boars had seroconverted to PCV2 by Day 35. Between Days 28 and 35, MHYO boars developed moderate respiratory disease, characterized by coughing, respiratory distress, mucopurulent nasal discharge and loss of body condition. One MHYO-PCV2-CoI boar died on Day 50. Boars in the PCV2-I and MHYO-PCV2-CoI groups had significantly higher PCV2 DNA loads in blood swabs than the remaining boars. Moreover, PCV2 vaccination significantly reduced the incidence and amount of PCV2 shedding in semen and feces. In summary, although concurrent MHYO infection did not influence PCV2 shedding patterns, coinfection of boars with PCV2 and MHYO resulted in severe clinical disease and viral shedding was significantly decreased by PCV2 vaccination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-360
Number of pages10
JournalTheriogenology
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2011

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