Post-identification feedback, confidence and recollections of witnessing conditions in child witnesses

G S Hafstad, A Memon, R Logie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Eyewitness confidence and detailed memory reports are often considered reliable indicators of the credibility of the eyewitness testimony. This study investigated how feedback concerning the accuracy of a lineup identification influences witnesses' confidence in the accuracy of their identification decision and their judgements concerning the witnessing experience. Fifty-seven children (11-12 years) and 55 adults (17-39 years) viewed a video of a robbery and attempted to identify the culprit from a photo lineup. The culprit was not present. Participants received confirming feedback, disconfirming feedback, or no feedback on the accuracy of their identification. The confidence judgements and recollections of witnessing conditions of both children and adults were influenced by confirming and in some instances, disconfirming feedback. These findings imply that confidence and memory reports are easily distorted by non-specific feedback and investigators should be sensitive to this particularly when dealing with vulnerable witnesses such as children. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-912
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • EYEWITNESS CONFIDENCE
  • HINDSIGHT BIAS
  • DECISION-MAKING
  • SUGGESTIBILITY
  • MEMORY
  • ACCURACY
  • JUDGMENT
  • TESTIMONY
  • ADULTS

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