Potential of Clumped Isotopes in Constraining the Global Atmospheric Methane Budget

Edward Chung, Tim Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atmospheric methane (CH4) and its isotopic composition trends over the last decades are explained by various flux scenarios, from tropical wetland emission increases through to reductions in global hydroxyl (OH). In this study, we develop a modeling framework to assess the potential usefulness of clumped isotope measurements to distinguish between the main drivers of change in the CH4 burden. We model interhemispheric differences of 0.12‰ and 0.38‰ and seasonal cycles of 0.02‰–0.04‰ and 0.21‰–0.32‰ for Δ13CH3D and Δ12CH2D2, respectively, which is insignificant relative to the uncertainty of measurements that could eventually be made. We show, however, that measurements of Δ12CH2D2 specifically could provide constraints for understanding trends in the global total source and sink magnitudes, which has not been possible with the current sets of observables. Changes in OH concentration of 10% developed across three decades result in a difference of up to 2‰ in Δ12CH2D2, which would be observable given current measurement uncertainty limits. For this type of global-scale analysis, we show that measurements of Δ13CH3D would be unlikely to provide additional useful information. We suggest an emphasis should now be on developing the methods to make measurements from ambient air samples, followed by measurements of Δ13CH3D and Δ12CH2D2 from sampling at clean Northern and Southern Hemisphere sites, combined with more accurate and precise laboratory measurements of the clumped kinetic isotope effects relevant for the atmospheric sinks.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020GB006883
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume35
Issue number10
Early online date16 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

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