Predictability and adult-child cue weighting differences in speech perception

Catherine Mayo, Alice Turk, Robert A.J. Clark

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this experiment, we tested the hypothesis that adult-child differences in cue weighting are influenced by adult-child differences in knowledge of (a) the relative predictability of wordinitial vs. word-final consonants, and (b) of the relationship between predictability and acoustic salience/distinctiveness. We tested our hypothesis using synthetic speech continua with formant transitions varying from /edi/ to /ebi/, which listeners were encouraged to hear as either “Abe E/Ade E” (VC#V context) or as “A bee/A dee” (V#CV context). We tested the extent to which changes in formant transitions influence /d/ vs. /b/ categorisation. Results show that adults were more influenced by transitions cueing word-initial consonants (less predictable in English) than by transitions cueing word-final consonants (more predictable in English), whereas children showed a more balanced pattern, with marginally more influence of transitions cueing word-final consonants. Results are consistent with the view that adults have learned more about the relative predictability of word-initial vs. word-final consonants and have learned that acoustic cues to the less-predictable initial consonants are more distinctive. They therefore weight these cues more heavily than less-distinctive, more contextually predictable, word-final cues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody
Pages553-557
Number of pages5
Volume2016-January
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Event8th Speech Prosody 2016 - Boston, United States
Duration: 31 May 20163 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody
ISSN (Print)2333-2042

Conference

Conference8th Speech Prosody 2016
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period31/05/163/06/16

Keywords

  • acoustic cue weighting
  • perceptual development
  • Smooth Signal Redundancy
  • speech perception

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Predictability and adult-child cue weighting differences in speech perception'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this