Prediction of photoperiodic regulators from quantitative gene circuit models

José Domingo Salazar, Treenut Saithong, Paul E Brown, Julia Foreman, James C W Locke, Karen J Halliday, Isabelle A Carré, David A Rand, Andrew J Millar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Photoperiod sensors allow physiological adaptation to the changing seasons. The prevalent hypothesis is that day length perception is mediated through coupling of an endogenous rhythm with an external light signal. Sufficient molecular data are available to test this quantitatively in plants, though not yet in mammals. In Arabidopsis, the clock-regulated genes CONSTANS (CO) and FLAVIN, KELCH, F-BOX (FKF1) and their light-sensitive proteins are thought to form an external coincidence sensor. Here, we model the integration of light and timing information by CO, its target gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), and the circadian clock. Among other predictions, our models show that FKF1 activates FT. We demonstrate experimentally that this effect is independent of the known activation of CO by FKF1, thus we locate a major, novel controller of photoperiodism. External coincidence is part of a complex photoperiod sensor: modeling makes this complexity explicit and may thus contribute to crop improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1170-1179
Number of pages10
Issue number6
Early online date10 Dec 2009
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2009


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