Predictive Data-Driven Model Based on Generative Adversarial Network for Premixed Turbulence-Combustion Regimes

T. Grenga*, L. Nista, C. Schumann, A. N. Karimi, G. Scialabba, A. Attili, H. Pitsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Premixed flames exhibit different asymptotic regimes of interaction between heat release and turbulence depending on their respective length scales. At high Karlovitz number, the dilatation caused by heat release does not have any relevant effect on turbulent kinetic energy with respect to non-reacting flow, while at low Karlovitz number, the mean shear is a sink of turbulent kinetic energy, and counter-gradient transport is observed. This latter phenomenon is not well captured by closure models commonly used in Large Eddy Simulations that are based on gradient diffusion. The massive amount of data available from Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) opens the possibility to develop data-driven models able to represent physical mechanisms and non-linear features present in both these regimes. In this work, the databases are formed by DNSs of two planar hydrogen/air flames at different Karlovitz numbers corresponding to the two asymptotic regimes. In this context, the Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) gives the possibility to successfully recognize and reconstruct both gradient and counter-gradient phenomena if trained with databases where both regimes are included. Two GAN models were first trained each for a specific Karlovitz number and tested using the same dataset in order to verify the capability of the models to learn the features of a single asymptotic regime and assess its accuracy. In both cases, the GAN models were able to reconstruct the Reynolds stress subfilter scales accurately. Later, the GAN was trained with a mixture of both datasets to create a model containing physical knowledge of both combustion regimes. This model was able to reconstruct the subfilter scales for both cases capturing the interaction between heat release and turbulence closely to the DNS as shown from the turbulent kinetic budget and barycentric maps.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Early online date10 Mar 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Mar 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • generative adversarial network
  • machine learning
  • Premixed flames
  • turbulent combustion modeling


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