Predictors of Mild Cognitive Impairment stability, progression, or reversion in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) describes a borderland between healthy cognition and dementia. Progression to and reversion from MCI is relatively common but more research is required to understand the factors affecting this fluidity and improve clinical care interventions.
Objective
We explore these transitions in MCI status and their predictive factors over a six-year period in a highly-phenotyped longitudinal study, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.
Methods
MCI status was derived in the LBC1936 at ages 76 (n=567) and 82 years (n=341) using NIA-AA diagnostic guidelines. Progressions and reversions between healthy cognition and MCI over the follow-up period were assessed. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the effect of various predictors on the likelihood of progressing, reverting, or maintaining cognitive status.
Results
Of the 292 participants who completed both time points, 41 (14%) participants had MCI at T1 and 56 (19%) at T2. Over the follow-up period, 74% remained cognitively healthy, 12% transitioned to MCI, 7% reverted to healthy cognition, and 7% maintained their baseline MCI status. Findings indicated that membership of these transition groups was affected by age, cardiovascular disease, and number of depressive symptoms.
Conclusion
Findings that higher baseline depressive symptoms increase the likelihood of reverting from MCI to healthy cognition indicate that there may be an important role for the treatment of depression for those with MCI. However, further research is required to identify prevention strategies for those at high risk of MCI and inform effective interventions that increase the likelihood of reversion to, and maintenance of healthy cognition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume80
Issue number1
Early online date26 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2021

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