The idea for this volume grew out of conversations I had with Thomas Sturm, and in particular one that took place at the 11th International Kant Congress in Pisa in May 2010. We agreed that the publication of the Lectures on Anthropology in the German Academy edition of Kant’s Gesammelte Schriften (1997) and the (then forthcoming and now published) translation of these Lectures in the series of the Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant provided an opportune moment to take stock of their historical importance and philosophical relevance. Although unfortunately our original project did not come to fruition, it prompted the work on this volume, for which I am grateful. This volume would not have been possible without the help of many people. First, I would like to thank Hilary Gaskin for helping me bring the project to completion – her constant support throughout the process is very much appreciated. I also want to express my gratitude to all the contributors for making my life much easier by providing fantastic contributions. Particular thanks go to Werner Stark, whose piece on the history of the Lectures was a welcome late addition to an already rich volume, to Joshua Mendelsohn, who went beyond the call of duty and spent his holidays translating this piece so that it could be included in time for publication, and to Jonathan Head for compiling a very thorough index.