Prion pathogenesis is unaltered following down-regulation of SIGN-R1

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Abstract

Prion diseases are infectious neurodegenerative disorders characterized by accumulations of abnormal prion glycoprotein in affected tissues. Following peripheral exposure, many prion strains replicate upon follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in lymphoid tissues before infecting the brain. An intact splenic marginal zone is important for the efficient delivery of prions to FDC. The marginal zone contains a ring of specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non- integrin related 1 (SIGN-R1)-expressing macrophages. This lectin binds dextran and capsular pneumococcal polysaccharides, and also enhances the clearance of apoptotic cells via interactions with complement components. Since prions are acquired as complement- opsonized complexes we determined the role of SIGN-R1 in disease pathogenesis. We show that transient down-regulation of SIGN-R1 prior to intravenous prion exposure had no effect on the early accumulation of prions upon splenic FDC or their subsequent spread to the brain. Thus, SIGN-R1 expression by marginal zone macrophages is not rate-limiting for peripheral prion disease pathogenesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-345
JournalVirology
Volume497
Early online date11 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Keywords

  • prions
  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
  • specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin related 1 (SIGN-R1)
  • marginal zone
  • macrophage
  • spleen
  • follicular dendritic cell

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