This study identified and characterized endothelin (ET) produced by human endometrial epithelial cells cultured under serum-free conditions, compared the ET released by cells derived from proliferative and secretory phase endometrium, and examined the regulation of ET released by these cells. ET messenger RNA was detected in normal human endometrium with maximal expression in the mid-late secretory phase. Immunoreactive ET released into culture media by separated endometrial epithelial and stromal cells was almost entirely of epithelial cell origin, consistent with the previous immunohistochemical findings. This was identified as ET-1 by reverse phase high-pressure liquid chromatography, and the fractionated conditioned media exhibited bioactivity similar to that of standard ET-1. Mean ET production was greater from cells derived from proliferative phase endometrium cultured either in serum (P < 0.02) or serum-free conditions (P < 0.02). Fetal calf serum stimulated ET-1 production from epithelial cells in a dose-responsive manner. ET production was also stimulated by transforming growth factor-beta 1 (2, 5 & 10 ng/mL) and IL-1 alpha (10 & 100 IU/mL) under serum-free conditions but always to a lesser extent than stimulation by serum. The production of ET in human endometrium underlines a potential role for ET in endometrial function.
|Number of pages||1631|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1994|