Profiles of physical, emotional and psychosocial wellbeing in the Lothian birth cohort 1936

Andrea R. Zammit, John M. Starr, Wendy Johnson, Ian J. Deary*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Physical, emotional, and psychosocial wellbeing are important domains of function. The aims of this study were to explore the existence of separable groups among 70-year olds with scores representing physical function, perceived quality of life, and emotional wellbeing, and to characterise any resulting groups using demographic, personality, cognition, health and lifestyle variables.

Methods: We used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify possible groups.

Results: Results suggested there were 5 groups. These included High (n = 515, 47.2% of the sample), Average (n = 417, 38.3%), and Poor Wellbeing (n = 37, 3.4%) groups. The two other groups had contrasting patterns of wellbeing: one group scored relatively well on physical function, but low on emotional wellbeing (Good Fitness/Low Spirits, n = 60, 5.5%), whereas the other group showed low physical function but relatively well emotional wellbeing (Low Fitness/Good Spirits, n = 62, 5.7%). Salient characteristics that distinguished all the groups included smoking and drinking behaviours, personality, and illness.

Conclusions: Despite there being some evidence of these groups, the results also support a largely one-dimensional construct of wellbeing in old age-for the domains assessed here-though with some evidence that some individuals have uneven profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Physical wellbeing
  • Psychosocial wellbeing
  • Profiles
  • Latent class analysis
  • TRAJECTORY GROUPS
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • LIFE
  • HEALTH
  • DEPRESSION
  • DEMENTIA
  • MODEL
  • PERSONALITY
  • MORTALITY
  • SELECTION

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