Prognostic Implications of Prominent R Wave in Electrocardiographic Leads V1 or V2 in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) and Canadian Acute Coronary Syndromes I Investigators, Wael A Alqarawi, Shaun G Goodman, Raymond T Yan, Christian Constance, Anthony Y Fung, James Y Cha, Gilbert Gosselin, David Brieger, Keith A A Fox, Frans Van de Werf, Andrew T Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the adverse prognosis of Q-waves on electrocardiogram (ECG) has been demonstrated, the prognostic significance of prominent R wave (PRW) in V1 or V2 across a broad spectrum of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been specifically studied. In the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) and the Canadian ACS Registry I ECG substudies, admission ECGs were analyzed in an independent core ECG laboratory. PRW was defined as R wave >40 to 50 ms in V1 or V2, R/S ≥1 in V1, or R/S ≥1.5 in V2. Among 11,895 patients with ACS, 495 (4.2%) had PRW; they were less likely to have a history of hypertension or heart failure and had lower GRACE risk scores, but a higher incidence of ST-segment depression (all p ≤0.001). Patients with PRW had similar rates of in-hospital death (2.8% vs 4.1%, respectively, p = 0.15) but lower rates of in-hospital heart failure (8.5% vs 15.2%, respectively, p = 0.02) and 6-month mortality (4.6% vs 8.4%, respectively, p = 0.004). In multivariable analyses, PRW was not a significant independent predictor of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio = 0.99, 95% confidence interval 0.55 to 1.8) or 6-month mortality (adjusted odds ratio = 0.70, 95% confidence interval 0.43 to 1.15). Among 4,418 patients who underwent coronary angiography, those with PRW had a higher prevalence of left circumflex artery disease (62.5% vs 49.5%, respectively, p = 0.01). In conclusion, across the broad spectrum of patients with ACS, PRW provides no significant additional prognostic utility beyond comprehensive risk assessment using the GRACE risk score. PRW is more frequently associated with left circumflex artery disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1962-1967
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume113
Issue number12
Early online date1 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

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