Progress and future challenges in stem cell-derived liver technologies

Donna M. Dalgetty, Claire N. Medine, John P. Iredale, David C. Hay

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Dalgetty DM, Medine CN, Iredale JP, Hay DC. Progress and future challenges in stem cell-derived liver technologies. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 297: G241-G248, 2009. First published June 11, 2009; doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00138.2009.-The emergence of regenerative medicine has led to significant advances in the identification and understanding of human stem cells and adult progenitor cells. Both cell populations exhibit plasticity and theoretically offer a potential source of somatic cells in large numbers. Such a resource has an important role to play in the understanding of human development, in modeling human disease and drug toxicity, and in the generation of somatic cells in large numbers for cell-based therapies. Presently, liver transplantation is the only effective treatment for end-stage liver disease. Although this procedure can be carried out with high levels of success, the routine transplant of livers is severely limited by organ donor availability. As a result, attention has focused on the ability to restore liver mass and function by alternative approaches ranging from the bioartificial device to transplantation of human hepatocytes. In this review we will focus on the generation of human hepatic endoderm from different stem/progenitor cell populations with a view to its utility in regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G241-G248
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume297
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Cite this