Promiscuous 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases: Testosterone 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activities of mouse type I and VI 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases

JI Mason*, BEC Howe, AF Howie, SD Morley, MR Nicol, AH Payne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

3beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) activity is essential for the synthesis of all classes of steroid hormones, converting various Delta(5) -3beta-hydroxysteroids into hormonally active Delta(4) -3-ketosteroids in NAD(+) -dependent reactions. Certain 3beta-HSD isoforms have been reported to exhibit additional dehydrogenase character (e.g., 17-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/reductase). We have investigated whether mouse type I (adrenal/gonadal) and type VI 3beta-HSDs (uterine/embryonic) display significant 17beta-HSD-like activity. Nonsteroidogenic HEK 293T cells were transiently transfected with pCMV-based expression vectors containing mouse type I and type VI 3beta-HSDs. Transfected cells expressing either mouse type I or type VI 3beta-HSD converted testosterone to androstenedione, albeit at rates one-tenth of those of pregnenolone to progesterone in similarly transfected 293T cells. Our findings demonstrate that the mouse 3beta-HSD I and VI isoforms can inactivate testosterone within an intact cell milieu. These findings are important not only in establishment of structure-function relationships, but also whenever murine systems are used for developmental/reproductive paradigms associated with human disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-714
Number of pages6
JournalEndocrine research
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event11th Conference on Adrenal Cortex - New Orleans, Lao People's Democratic Republic
Duration: 12 Jun 200415 Jun 2004

Keywords

  • 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
  • mouse
  • testosterone metabolism
  • EXPRESSION
  • ISOFORM
  • FAMILY
  • ISOMERASE
  • RAT
  • DELTA-5->4-ISOMERASE

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