3beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) activity is essential for the synthesis of all classes of steroid hormones, converting various Delta(5) -3beta-hydroxysteroids into hormonally active Delta(4) -3-ketosteroids in NAD(+) -dependent reactions. Certain 3beta-HSD isoforms have been reported to exhibit additional dehydrogenase character (e.g., 17-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/reductase). We have investigated whether mouse type I (adrenal/gonadal) and type VI 3beta-HSDs (uterine/embryonic) display significant 17beta-HSD-like activity. Nonsteroidogenic HEK 293T cells were transiently transfected with pCMV-based expression vectors containing mouse type I and type VI 3beta-HSDs. Transfected cells expressing either mouse type I or type VI 3beta-HSD converted testosterone to androstenedione, albeit at rates one-tenth of those of pregnenolone to progesterone in similarly transfected 293T cells. Our findings demonstrate that the mouse 3beta-HSD I and VI isoforms can inactivate testosterone within an intact cell milieu. These findings are important not only in establishment of structure-function relationships, but also whenever murine systems are used for developmental/reproductive paradigms associated with human disorders.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|Event||11th Conference on Adrenal Cortex - New Orleans, Lao People's Democratic Republic|
Duration: 12 Jun 2004 → 15 Jun 2004
- 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
- testosterone metabolism