Prophylactic mesh placement of permanent stomas at index operation for colorectal cancer

N T Ventham, R R Brady, R G Stewart, B M Ward, C Graham, S Yalamarthi, M Jones, T Daniel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

INTRODUCTION: Parastomal herniation occurs in 30-50% of colostomy formations. The aim of this study was to radiologically evaluate the mechanical defects at stoma sites in patients who had previously undergone a permanent colostomy with or without mesh at the index operation for colorectal cancer.

METHODS: A study was performed of all colorectal cancer patients (n=41) having an end colostomy between 2002 and 2010, with or without Prolene(®) mesh plication, with blinded evaluation of the annual follow-up staging computed tomography (CT) for stomal characteristics. The presence of parastomal hernias, volume, dimensions, grade of the parastomal hernia and abdominal wall defect size were measured by two independent radiologists, and compared with demographic and operative variables.

RESULTS: In those patients with radiological evidence of a parastomal hernia, Prolene(®) mesh plication significantly reduced the incidence of bowel containing parastomal hernias at one year following the procedure (p<0.05) and also reduced the diameter of the abdominal wall defect (p=0.006).

CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic mesh placement at the time of the index procedure reduces the diameter of abdominal wall aperture and the incidence of parastomal hernias containing bowel. Future studies should use both objective radiological as well as clinical endpoints when assessing parastomal hernia development with and without prophylactic mesh.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-73
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England
Volume94
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Aged
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Colostomy
  • Female
  • Hernia, Abdominal
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surgical Mesh

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