Prostaglandin F-2 alpha receptor signaling facilitates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis independently of transforming growth factor-beta

Toru Oga, Toshiyuki Matsuoka, Chengcan Yao, Kimiko Nonomura, Shiho Kitaoka, Daiji Sakata, Yoshihiro Kita, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Yoshio Taguchi, Kazuo Chin, Michiaki Mishima, Takao Shimizu, Shuh Narumiya*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease characterized by fibroblast proliferation and excess deposition of collagen and other extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which lead to distorted lung architecture and function(1). Given that anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive therapy currently used for IPF does not improve disease progression therapies targeted to blocking the mechanisms of fibrogenesis are needed(1). Although transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) functions are crucial in fibrosis(2,3), antagonizing this pathway in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, an animal model of IPF, does not prevent fibrosis completely(4-7), indicating an additional pathway also has a key role in fibrogenesis. Given that the loss of cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) suppresses bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis(8), we examined the roles of prostaglandins using mice lacking each prostoaglandin receptor(9-15). Here we show that loss of prostaglandin F (PGF) receptor (FP) selectively attenuates pulmonary fibrosis while maintaining similar levels of alveolar inflammation and TGF-beta stimulation as compared to wild-type (WT) mice, and that FP deficiency and inhibition of TGF-beta signaling additively decrease fibrosis. Furthermore, PGF(2 alpha) is abundant in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of subjects with IPF and stimulates proliferation and collagen production of lung fibroblasts via FP, independently of TGF-beta. These findings show that PGF(2 alpha)-FP signaling facilitates pulmonary fibrosis independently of TGF-beta and suggests this signaling pathway as a therapeutic target for IPF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1426-1430
Number of pages6
JournalNature Medicine
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • ACTIVATION
  • GENE
  • INHIBITOR
  • TGF-BETA
  • TGF-BETA-1
  • COLLAGEN
  • MICE LACKING
  • INDUCED LUNG FIBROSIS
  • ELEMENTS
  • EXPRESSION

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