Inoculation of rabbits and mice with a vaccinia-rabies glycoprotein recombinant (V-RG) virus resulted in rapid induction of high concentrations of rabies virus-neutralizing antibodies and protection from severe intracerebral challenge with several strains of rabies virus. Protection from virus challenge also was achieved against the rabies-related Duvenhage virus but not against the Mokola virus. Effective immunization by V-RG depended on the expression of a rabies glycoprotein that registered proline rather than leucine as the eighth amino acid from its NH2 terminus (V-RGpro8). A minimum dose required for effective immunization of mice was 104 plaque-forming units of V-RGpro8 virus. β-propiolactone-inactivated preparations of V-RGpro8 virus also induced high levels of rabies virus-neutralizing antibody and protected mice against intracerebral challenge with street rabies virus. V-RGpro8 virus was highly effective in priming mice to generate a secondary rabies virus-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response following culture of lymphocytes with either ERA or PM strains of rabies virus.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)|
|Issue number||22 I|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|