Proteomic analysis of heterotrophy in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Dominic Kurian, Tove Jansèn, Pirkko Mäenpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To provide an insight into the heterotrophic metabolism of cyanobacteria, a proteomic approach has been employed with the model organism Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. The soluble proteins from Synechocystis grown under photoautotrophic and light-activated heterotrophic conditions were separated by 2-DE and identified by MALDI-MS or LC-MS/MS analysis. 2-DE gels made using narrow- and micro-range IPG strips allowed quantitative comparison of more than 900 spots. Out of 67 abundant protein spots identified, 13 spots were increased and 9 decreased under heterotrophy, representing all the major fold changes. Proteomic alterations and activity levels of selected enzymes indicate a shift in the central carbon metabolism in response to trophic change. The significant reduction in light-saturated rate of photosynthesis as well as in the expression levels of rubisco and CO(2)-concentrating mechanism proteins under heterotrophy indicates the down-regulation of the photosynthetic machinery. Alterations in the expression level of proteins involved in carbon utilization pathways refer to enhanced glycolysis, oxidative pentose phosphate pathway as well as tricarboxylic acid cycle under heterotrophy. Proteomic evidences also suggest an enhanced biosynthesis of amino acids such as histidine and serine during heterotrophic growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1483-94
Number of pages12
JournalProteomics
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • Amino Acids/metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins/analysis
  • Bacterial Proteins/genetics
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oxygen/metabolism
  • Proteome/analysis
  • Synechocystis/chemistry
  • Synechocystis/metabolism

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