Proximal tubular fluid, kidney, and plasma levels of angiotensin II in hypertensive ren-2 transgenic rats

K D Mitchell, S M Jacinto, J J Mullins

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Abstract

The present study was performed to assess the plasma and kidney levels of angiotensin I (ANG I) and ANG II during prehypertensive (4- to 5-wk old), development (6- to 8-wk old), and maintenance (10- to 12-wk old) phases of hypertension in pentobarbital-anesthetized transgenic rats [TGR; strain name: TGR(mRen2)27] and age-matched transgene-negative Hannover Sprague-Dawley rats (HanSD). At 4-5 wk, mean arterial pressures of TGR were not different from those of HanSD (110 +/- 5 vs. 114 +/- 4 mmHg). However, mean arterial pressures of 6-8 wk and 10-12 wk TGR were higher than those of HanSD (179 +/- 3 vs. 110 +/- 6 and 173 +/- 5 vs. 116 +/- 3 mmHg, respectively; P < 0.01 in both cases). Plasma ANG II levels in 4-5 wk and 6-8 wk TGR were not different from those in HanSD (70 +/- 11 vs. 86 +/- 7 and 60 +/- 8 vs. 48 +/- 12 fmol/ml, respectively). However, plasma ANG II levels in 10-12 wk TGR were higher than those in HanSD (125 +/- 26 vs. 38 +/- 12 fmol/ml, P < 0.01). Kidney ANG II levels in 4-5 wk, 6-8 wk, and 10-12 wk TGR averaged 370 +/- 57, 247 +/- 16, and 562 +/- 86 fmol/g, respectively, values not different from those in HanSD. In additional studies performed on 6-8 wk TGR and HanSD, multiple free-flow proximal tubular fluid collections were obtained and pooled for each animal. In these experiments, mean arterial pressures of the 10 TGR and 7 HanSD studied averaged 178 +/- 9 and 129 +/- 3 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. The ANG II concentration in proximal tubular fluid obtained from TGR averaged 5.6 +/- 2.1 pmol/ml (n = 10), a value not different from that in proximal tubular fluid collected from HanSD (5.3 +/- 2.8 pmol/ml, n = 7). However, the ANG II contents of the micropunctured left kidney and the nonmicropunctured right kidney of TGR were lower than those in HanSD (690 +/- 95 vs. 1,374 +/- 210 and 659 +/- 119 vs. 1,303 +/- 196 fmol/g, respectively; P < 0.01 in both cases). The present findings indicate that proximal tubular fluid of hypertensive TGR contains nanomolar concentrations of ANG II and that proximal tubular fluid, plasma and kidney ANG II levels in anesthetized hypertensive TGR are not markedly suppressed compared with those in normotensive control rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F246-F253
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume273
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1997

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