Psip1/Ledgf p75 restrains Hox gene expression by recruiting both trithorax and polycomb group proteins

Pradeepa Madapura, Graeme R Grimes, Gillian C A Taylor, Heidi G Sutherland, Wendy A Bickmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trithorax and polycomb group proteins are generally thought to antagonize one another. The trithorax family member MLL (myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia) is presumed to activate Hox expression, counteracting polycomb-mediated repression. PC4 and SF2 interacting protein 1 (PSIP1)/p75, also known as LEDGF, whose PWWP domain binds to H3K36me3, interacts with MLL and tethers MLL fusion proteins to HOXA9 in leukaemias. Here we show, unexpectedly, that Psip1/p75 regulates homeotic genes by recruiting not only MLL complexes, but also the polycomb group protein Bmi1. In Psip1(-/-) cells binding of Mll1/2, Bmi1 and the co-repressor Ctbp1 at Hox loci are all abrogated and Hoxa and Hoxd mRNA expression increased. Our data not only reveal a potential mechanism of action for Psip1 in the regulation of Hox genes but also suggest an unexpected interplay between proteins usually considered as transcriptional activators and repressors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNucleic Acids Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2014

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