Qualitative study of telemonitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure in type 2 diabetes.

Janet Hanley, Peter Fairbrother, Catherine McCloughan, Claudia Pagliari, Mary Paterson, Hilary Pinnock, Aziz Sheikh, Sarah Wild, Brian McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the experiences of patients and professionals taking part in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of blood glucose, blood pressure (BP) and weight telemonitoring in type 2 diabetes supported by primary care, and identify factors facilitating or hindering the effectiveness of the intervention and those likely to influence its potential translation to routine practice.
Design: Qualitative study adopting an interpretive descriptive approach.
Participants: Twenty three patients, 6 nurses and 4 doctors who were participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) of blood glucose and blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring. A maximum variation sample of patients from within the trial based on age, sex and deprivation status of the practice was sought.
Setting: Twelve primary care practices in Scotland and England.
Method: Data were collected via recorded semi-structured interviews. Analysis was inductive with themes presented within an overarching thematic framework. Multiple strategies were employed to ensure that the analysis was credible and trustworthy.
Results: Telemonitoring of blood glucose, BP and weight by people with type 2 diabetes was feasible. The data generated by telemonitoring supported both self-care decisions and medical treatment decisions. Motivation to self-manage diet was increased by telemonitoring of blood glucose, and the “benign policing” aspect of telemonitoring was considered by patients to be important. The convenience of home monitoring was very acceptable to patients although professionals had some concerns about telemonitoring increasing workload and costs.
Conclusions: Telemonitoring of blood glucose, BP and weight in primary care is a promising way of improving diabetes management which would be highly acceptable to the type of patients who volunteered for this study.
The embedded qualitative study was included in the protocol for the Telescot diabetes trial ISRCTN71674628 
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalBritish Medical Journal (BMJ)
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2015

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