Quantitative trait loci for bone traits segregating independently of those for growth in an F-2 broiler X layer cross

P. W. A. Sharman, D. R. Morrice, A. S. Law, D. W. Burt, P. M. Hocking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An F-2 broiler-layer cross was phenotyped for 18 skeletal traits at 6, 7 and 9 weeks of age and genotyped with 120 microsatellite markers. Interval mapping identified 61 suggestive and significant QTL on 16 of the 25 linkage groups for 16 traits. Thirty-six additional QTL were identified when the assumption that QTL were fixed in the grandparent lines was relaxed. QTL with large effects on the lengths of the tarsometatarsus, tibia and femur, and the weights of the tibia and femur were identified on GGA4 between 217 and 249 cM. Six QTL for skeletal traits were identified that did not co-locate with genome wide significant QTL for body weight and two body weight QTL did not coincide with skeletal trait QTL. Significant evidence of imprinting was found in ten of the QTL and QTL x sex interactions were identified for 22 traits. Six alleles from the broiler line for weight-and size-related skeletal QTL were positive. Negative alleles for bone quality traits such as tibial dyschondroplasia, leg bowing and tibia twisting generally originated from the layer line suggesting that the allele inherited from the broiler is more protective than the allele originating from the layer. Copyright (C) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-304
Number of pages9
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume117
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology
  • Bone and Bones/metabolism
  • Breeding
  • Chickens/anatomy & histology
  • Chickens/genetics
  • Chromosomes/genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genome/genetics
  • Genotype
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Quantitative Trait Loci/genetics

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