Quantum widening of a causal dynamical triangulations universe

L. Bogacz*, Z. Burda, B. Waclaw

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract / Description of output

The physical phase of causal dynamical triangulations (CDT) is known to be described by an effective, one-dimensional action in which three-volumes of the underlying foliation of the full CDT play a role of the sole degrees of freedom. Here we map this effective description onto a statistical-physics model of particles distributed on a 1d lattice, with site occupation numbers corresponding to the three-volumes. We identify the emergence of the quantum de-Sitter universe observed in CDT with the condensation transition known from similar statistical models. Our model correctly reproduces the shape of the quantum universe and allows us to analytically determine quantum corrections to the size of the universe. In the first-order approximation, these corrections lead to the widening of the CDT universe in the temporal direction. We also investigate the phase structure of the model and show that it reproduces all three phases observed in computer simulations of CDT. In addition, we predict that two other phases may exist, depending on the exact form of the discretized effective action and boundary conditions. We calculate various quantities such as the distribution of three-volumes in our model and discuss how they can be compared with CDT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104015
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2012

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