Rab18 and a Rab18 GEF complex are required for normal ER structure

Andreas Gerondopoulos, Ricardo Nunes Bastos, Shin-ichiro Yoshimura, Rachel Anderson, Sarah Carpanini, Irene Aligianis, Mark T. Handley, Francis A. Barr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ancestral Rab GTPase Rab18 and both subunits of the Rab3GAP complex are mutated in the human neurological and developmental disorder Warburg Micro syndrome. Here, we demonstrate that the Rab3GAP complex is a specific Rab18 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). The Rab3GAP complex localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is necessary for ER targeting of Rab18. It is also sufficient to promote membrane recruitment of Rab18. Disease-associated point mutations of conserved residues in either the Rab3GAP1 (T18P and E24V) or Rab3GAP2 (R426C) subunits result in loss of the Rab18 GEF and membrane-targeting activities. Supporting the view that Rab18 activity is important for ER structure, in the absence of either Rab3GAP subunit or Rab18 function, ER tubular networks marked by reticulon 4 were disrupted, and ER sheets defined by CLIMP-63 spread out into the cell periphery. Micro syndrome is therefore a disease characterized by direct loss of Rab18 function or loss of Rab18 activation at the ER by its GEF Rab3GAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-720
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume205
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2014

Keywords

  • HEREDITARY SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA
  • GTPASE-ACTIVATING PROTEIN
  • WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME
  • TUBULAR ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
  • GUANINE-NUCLEOTIDE EXCHANGE
  • OF-FUNCTION MUTATIONS
  • NONCATALYTIC SUBUNIT
  • MARTSOLF-SYNDROME
  • LIPID DROPLETS
  • MEMBRANE

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  • CORE FUNDS

    Aligianis, I.

    MRC

    1/10/1131/03/12

    Project: Research

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