Radiation thermo-chemical models of protoplanetary discs - III. Impact of inner rims on spectral energy distributions

W. -F. Thi, P. Woitke, I. Kamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the hydrostatic density structure of the inner disc rim around Herbig Ae stars using the thermo-chemical hydrostatic code prodimo. We compare the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and images from our hydrostatic disc models to that from prescribed density structure discs. The 2D continuum radiative transfer in prodimo includes isotropic scattering. The dust temperature is set by the condition of radiative equilibrium. In the thermal-decoupled case, the gas temperature is governed by the balance between various heating and cooling processes. The gas and dust interact thermally via photoelectrons, radiatively, and via gas accommodation on grain surfaces. As a result, the gas is much hotter than in the thermo-coupled case, where the gas and dust temperatures are equal, reaching a few thousands K in the upper disc layers and making the inner rim higher. A physically motivated density drop at the inner radius ('soft-edge') results in rounded inner rims, which appear ring-like in near-infrared images. The combination of lower gravity pull and hot gas beyond similar to 1 au results in a disc atmosphere that reaches a height over radius ratio z/r of 0.2, while this ratio is 0.1 only in the thermo-coupled case. This puffed-up disc atmosphere intercepts larger amount of stellar radiation, which translates into enhanced continuum emission in the 3-30 mu m wavelength region from hotter grains at similar to 500 K. We also consider the effect of disc mass and grain size distribution on the SEDs self-consistently feeding those quantities back into the gas temperature, chemistry and hydrostatic equilibrium computation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-726
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume412
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • protoplanetary discs
  • planetary systems
  • tars: pre-main-sequence

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