Radio spectral properties of star-forming galaxies in the MIGHTEE-COSMOS field and their impact on the far-infrared-radio correlation

Fangxia An*, M. Vaccari, Ian Smail, M. J. Jarvis, I. H. Whittam, C. L. Hale, S. Jin, J. D. Collier, E. Daddi, J. Delhaize, B. Frank, E. J. Murphy, M. Prescott, S. Sekhar, A. R. Taylor, Y. Ao, K. Knowles, L. Marchetti, S. M. Randriamampandry, Z. Randriamanakoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the radio spectral properties of 2094 star-forming galaxies (SFGs) by combining our early science data from the MeerKAT International GHz Tiered Extragalactic Exploration (MIGHTEE) survey with VLA, GMRT radio data, and rich ancillary data in the COSMOS field. These SFGs are selected at VLA 3 GHz, and their flux densities from MeerKAT 1.3 GHz and GMRT 325 MHz imaging data are extracted using the ‘superdeblending’ technique. The median radio spectral index is α3GHz1.3GHz=−0.80±0.01 without significant variation across the rest-frame frequencies ∼1.3–10 GHz, indicating radio spectra dominated by synchrotron radiation. On average, the radio spectrum at observer-frame 1.3–3 GHz slightly steepens with increasing stellar mass with a linear fitted slope of β = −0.08 ± 0.01, which could be explained by age-related synchrotron losses. Due to the sensitivity of GMRT 325 MHz data, we apply a further flux density cut at 3 GHz (⁠S3GHz≥50μJy) and obtain a sample of 166 SFGs with measured flux densities at 325 MHz, 1.3 GHz, and 3 GHz. On average, the radio spectrum of SFGs flattens at low frequency with the median spectral indices of α1.3GHz325MHz=−0.59+0.02−0.03 and α3.0GHz1.3GHz=−0.74+0.01−0.02⁠. At low frequency, our stacking analyses show that the radio spectrum also slightly steepens with increasing stellar mass. By comparing the far-infrared-radio correlations of SFGs based on different radio spectral indices, we find that adopting α3GHz1.3GHz for k-corrections will significantly underestimate the infrared-to-radio luminosity ratio (qIR) for >17 per cent of the SFGs with measured flux density at the three radio frequencies in our sample, because their radio spectra are significantly flatter at low frequency (0.33–1.3 GHz).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2643-2658
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume507
Issue number2
Early online date9 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA

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