Radiographic, computed tomographic, gross pathological and histological findings with suspected apical infection in 32 equine maxillary cheek teeth (2012-2015)

Tiziana Liuti, S Smith, P M Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Equine maxillary cheek teeth apical infections are a significant disorder because of frequent spread of infection to the supporting bones. The accuracy of computed tomographic imaging (CT) of this disorder has not been fully assessed.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the radiographic and CT findings in horses diagnosed with maxillary cheek teeth apical infections with pathological findings in the extracted teeth to assess the accuracy of these imaging techniques.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational clinical study.

METHODS: Thirty-two maxillary cheek teeth (in 29 horses) diagnosed with apical infections by clinical, radiographic and principally by CT examinations, were extracted orally. The extracted teeth were subjected to further CT, gross pathological and histological examinations. Four normal teeth extracted from a cadaver served as controls.

RESULTS: Pulpar and apical changes highly indicative of maxillary cheek teeth apical infection were present in all 32 teeth on CT, but in just 17/32 teeth (53%) radiographically. Gross pulpar/apical abnormalities and histological pulpar/periapical changes were present in 31/32 (97%) extracted teeth. On CT, one tooth contained small gas pockets in the apical aspect of one pulp and adjacent periodontal space, however no pathological changes were found following its extraction.

MAIN LIMITATIONS: The study is descriptive and is confined to a small number of cases.

CONCLUSION: This study showed a 97% agreement between CT diagnosis of maxillary cheek teeth apical infection and the presence of pathological changes in the extracted teeth, confirming the diagnostic accuracy of CT compared to radiography for this disorder. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume50
Issue number1
Early online date3 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • horse
  • maxillary cheek teeth
  • apical infection
  • radiography
  • computed tomography
  • dental pathology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Radiographic, computed tomographic, gross pathological and histological findings with suspected apical infection in 32 equine maxillary cheek teeth (2012-2015)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this