Rapid and specific degradation of endogenous proteins in mouse models using auxin-inducible degrons

Lewis MacDonald, Gillian Taylor, Jennifer Brisbane, Ersi Christodoulou, Lucy Scott, Alexander von Kriegsheim, Janet Rossant, Bin Gu, Andrew J Wood*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Auxin-inducible degrons are a chemical genetic tool for targeted protein degradation and are widely used to study protein function in cultured mammalian cells. Here, we develop CRISPR-engineered mouse lines that enable rapid and highly specific degradation of tagged endogenous proteins in vivo. Most but not all cell types are competent for degradation. By combining ligand titrations with genetic crosses to generate animals with different allelic combinations, we show that degradation kinetics depend upon the dose of the tagged protein, ligand, and the E3 ligase substrate receptor TIR1. Rapid degradation of condensin I and II - two essential regulators of mitotic chromosome structure - revealed that both complexes are individually required for cell division in precursor lymphocytes, but not in their differentiated peripheral lymphocyte derivatives. This generalisable approach provides unprecedented temporal control over the dose of endogenous proteins in mouse models, with implications for studying essential biological pathways and modelling drug activity in mammalian tissues.

Original languageEnglish
JournaleLIFE
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes/metabolism
  • Indoleacetic Acids/metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Mammals/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Proteolysis
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism

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