Rapid climate change and radiocarbon discontinuities in the Mesolithic-Early Neolithic settlement record of the Iron Gates

Clive Bonsall, M.G. Macklin, Adina Boroneant, Catriona Pickard, Laszlo Bartosiewicz, Gordon Cook, Thomas Higham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract

The Mesolithic–Early Neolithic radiocarbon record for the Iron Gates is compared against the regional paleoclimatic record. Well marked minima in the frequency of radiocarbon dates at c.9.5–9.0 ka, 8.65–8.0 ka and after 7.8 ka cal BP coincide with ‘rapid climate change events’recorded in Greenland ice cores and paleoclimate archives from the Danube catchment. Four possible explanations of the observed radiocarbon discontinuities are considered: dwindling fish resources, changes in the social environment linked to the spread of farming, flood-induced
settlement relocations, and taphonomic effects.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate and Cultural Change in Prehistoric Europe and the Near East
EditorsP.F. Biehl, O Nieuwenhuyse
Place of PublicationBuffalo
PublisherNew York: SUNY
ISBN (Print)9781438461830, 9781438461823
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameIEMA Proceedings
Volume6

Keywords

  • RCC events
  • floods
  • radiocarbon discontinuities
  • Iron Gates
  • Mesolithic
  • Neolithic

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